Creating smart spaces and connected homes using IoT

At some point, we all wished if we entered our homes, after a tiring day at work, with a pre-set of perfect mood-soothing lights, a ready-made coffee as we like it, the right room temperature, and our favourite playlist streaming in the background. As fictitious as it sounds, the reality of a smart home is nothing short of a sci-fi movie that is gaining wider adoption.
According to a report by the research firm Park Associates in December last year, the adoption of smart home devices will ramp up, with more than 40% of US broadband households planning to buy at least one device in the next six months.
Initially, smart home automation was more about remote controlling appliances and automating devices through smartphones. In 2021, this concept has gone much beyond that to exceed customer expectations and take user experience to the next level with advanced personalisation and automation.
IoT and AI integrated
The integration of the Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence has led to superior processing and learning abilities of machines while using the analysis to predict user behaviour. Sensors, devices, and appliances in a smart home have evolved to constantly accumulate their usage data, study user habits and learn consumption patterns.
To cite an example, a smart fridge can reorder groceries online when it is needed, or the window blinders may shut and open to allow natural light in the home and save on power consumption.
While IoT gives devices the ability to communicate with each other, AI will convert raw data from devices into a design of behaviour. AI works 24×7 without resting and empower devices to make rational decisions and avoid critical errors. A synergy of these technologies allows a personalised user experience at a granular level.
AI has also been evolved to learn the routines of inhabitants and make ration decisions accordingly that benefit the owners. For instance, AI can turn off appliances like heaters, air-condition, lights and fans and even automatically lock doors, if there is no one in the house.
The potential of IoT and AI cannot just be restricted to new homes as existing switches in homes can also be replaced with smart switches and appliances can be made smart by deploying IoT-empowered smart plugs and sockets that can interact with phone applications.
Home security is one of the prime reasons customers are looking forward to adopting smart home automation. As per the report by Park Associates, smart home security devices like networked cameras and smart doorbells have grown to over 10% adoption across all broadband households as of 2021.
AI-driven technologies in smart homes will be powered enough to recognize the owners of the house, along with relatives and friends. Also, owners can give time-restricted access to visitors at his place through which the smart door to the house will only be accessible within that period.The future of smart homes
With advancements in artificial intelligence and IoT, the smartest homes of the future will be genuinely able to learn all behaviours about their users and anticipate their needs. The smart homes of the future will not come from devices like speakers and voice assistance. Their intelligence will require several end node devices to constantly gather data and run its analysis to make smart decisions on behalf of their owners.
The future of smart home automation calls for designing a meaningful collaboration between artificial intelligence/machine learning and humans. As appliances utilise artificial intelligence to realize remote and environmentally aware automated control, user comfort is improved significantly.
Sustainability in the future will require concepts like smart homes that are driven by IoT and AI to ensure greener steps are taken in one’s daily routine that will make impactful changes to the environment.
The future economy is set to thrive on the digitization of systems, where the concept of smartness will be implemented in every aspect of our day to day life. The affordability factor of smart homes will improve with economies of scale and the adoption of it is set to increase exponentially.
The uniqueness of several smart home innovations that have been introduced in the market cannot be reduced to minimizing human efforts or a form of entertainment tool. AI and IoT driven technology that makes homes and industries smart will play a pivotal role in contributing to a sustainable future.

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